Excerpts from my book, Forgotten Heroes and Villains of Sand Creek (June 11, 2010).
Born around the turn of the century, White Antelope spent his early years as a headman of the Dog Soldiers, the most fearsome of the Cheyenne warrior clans. As such, White Antelope fought the Kiowas, Apaches and Comanches in the 1820s. He then negotiated peace with those tribes in 1840 at Two Buttes Creek in today’s southeast Colorado.
White Antelope played an important role in the peace efforts by Black Kettle and Major Wynkoop. He spoke at length during the Camp Weld Council, which took place seven weeks before the Sand Creek massacre. The transcript documents a tense exchange between White Antelope and Governor John Evans. The governor began by saying that “if the Indians did not keep with the United States soldiers, or have an arrangement with them, they would all be treated as enemies.” White Antelope then spoke, with John Smith interpreting…
Chief White Antelope was killed and mutilated at Sand Creek.